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Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

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Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Sat Jun 27, 2015 10:26 am

Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

A beautiful little fish originating from Indonesia, I have admired since they were first classified very recently in 2010. My interest in this genera began many years ago, and was one of my first killifish experiences as a young hobbyist.

I had kept the more common medaka, or Japanese ricefish, Oryzias latipes, as a lab specimen and a biology model for egg development as a teenager. I had at the time two full walls of my parent's basement with aquariums, and the medaka were one of my favourites. Contrary to today, I was not keeping livebearers, and between the angelfish, bumblebee gobies and shell dwellers, I devoted a small tank to keeping what was a small little colony. What had interested me back then was the unique egg clinging that allowed for easy collection. The females will clutch the eggs by the ventral fin and the male fertilizes them over successive matings. The eggs will eventually be fastened haphazardly to plants and mops and can be seen developing over 10 to 15 days. As the eggs are relatively large, and the fry hatchlings sizable enough to be observed by the naked eye, I was keen to keep these fish as a unique and subtle dainty. As killifish they are easy to care for, requiring no heater and little, if any water adjustment as they are hardy and not finicky.

I was surprised when I first saw them in the LFS tank last March 2015 and I was not sure at first whether the sign was correct. On the online auction site, Daisy's Ricefish is not common though can be found occasionally for around $8 to $10. In order to verify the fish at the LFS I snapped a quick few photos and seached the internet to confirm the identity. Then I began a four week wait to ensure that the fish did not develop disease and that only the stronger ones remained. I casually checked back every week as I secretly monitored their condition. Noticing that the numbers in the tank began to dwindle, I thought that a "wait and see" approach was a prudent way to avoid introducing disease.

After the fourth week, I decided to purchas some from the local aquarium store back in early April 2015. I had asked the store employee to get me four of the more healthier ones, and asked a few questions about the history of the tank. Apparently most had died off and the remainder were looking thin, so I was more glad than disappointed for the waiting.

Still worried about disease I decided to isolate them in a small 10 gallon tank shared by numerous snails (killifish diseases don't kill snails I'm guessing). I had to travel for days at a time away from them, so they were fed a very simple diet of flake food twice a day more to suit my schedule than their breeding regimen. After a few weeks the adults transformed very nicely, with both sexes exhibiting red edging to the fins and around the outline of the body. A blue steel body provides a striking contrast to the knife like shape. The eyes, are of course, reflective blue and the small group was a pleasure to watch as they acclimated to the tank environment.


Last edited by alexmtl on Mon Jul 06, 2015 4:54 pm; edited 2 times in total
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Sat Jun 27, 2015 10:26 am

I began to notice a more brilliant blue and shading to the two males. The 2 females visibly were deeper and plumper. I had read that the maximum size is about 1.5 inches with both males and females equal in length. They are apparently have a life span of 2 years. I kept an anxious eye for signs of ventrally attached eggs.

In late May I noticed the clutches. I am not sure how many were deposited but I was hoping for at least a dozen to survive the snails in the plants, to grow and develop. Another long trip meant that I had to consolidate my tanks down to four main aquariums for the automatic feeders (I only have 4 feeders). I chose to pair them up with Xiphophorus continens. Hoping for the best, I left for my travels.

Upon my return after three weeks away, I was saddened by the loss of three ricefish, and one remaining one, fairly emaciated. My guess is that the X continens are much too active for these fish, so a slower, more docile tank mate species would probably have been better. The original breeder tank had been left empty, and I was hoping to find that at least a few eggs had hatched out. I searched for a few moments, and was disappointed to not find any sign of hatchlings that evening. Unpacking and settling back in after weeks of travel meant that more urgent tasks needed to happen that night.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Sat Jun 27, 2015 10:27 am

As many of you know, overseas travel brings with it a certain time derrangement and weariness. The next day, slowly, I began the water changes in the tanks. When I reached the original breeder tank, I had to double take on the little blue specks darting around the plants. I went to get my flashlight and to joy, little slivers headed by blue eyes were moving about. I think I had at least twenty.

Well the story will continue as these blue eyes grow into ricefish. As I had only had the adults for a little over a month, it is a joy to have grand blessing to rear these hatchlings into adult hood. That's what is so interesting about this hobby; sometimes disappointment, sometimes sadness, and often heartbreaks. But out of each situation, comes reward and fulfillment.



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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by CAAIndie on Sat Jun 27, 2015 10:34 am

What an happy twist on the story. Sorry to hear you lost the adults while on your trip, but what a fantastic find on the fry! What else can you share about these little fish? (In general)

I'm looking forward to seeing how these little guys develop for you.

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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by guppyguy on Sat Jun 27, 2015 12:29 pm

What a great story and write up. Full of up's and downs. I enjoyed reading this and look forward to future updates and pics.

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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Sat Jun 27, 2015 4:36 pm

@CAAIndie wrote:What else can you share about these little fish? (In general)

Common name : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae), Neon Blue Daisy’s Rice Fish, Daisy’s Blue Killifish, Cardinal Ricefish. Named for Daisy Wowor from Java, Indonesia who collected and photographed the first fish.

Distribution and Habitat : South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) Indonesia. The type biotope is a freshwater stream flowing under 80% canopy cover with a mixed substrate of mud / sand plus patches of leaf litter.

Size : Maximum SL 25 – 30 mm, approx 1.5 to 1.6 inches both sexes

Gender differences : size similar. Adult males have more color, will have longer dorsal and anal fins and a slimmer body shape.

Water Conditions :
As close to neutral as possible
pH between 6.0 – 7.5.
Temperature: 23 – 27 °C (74-81 deg F)
Hardness: 90 – 268 ppm

First Described in 2010 :
Lynne R. Parenti and Renny K. Hadiaty (2010) A New, Remarkably Colorful, Small Ricefish of the Genus Oryzias (Beloniformes, Adrianichthyidae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Copeia: May 2010, Vol. 2010, No. 2, pp. 268-273.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Sat Jun 27, 2015 4:38 pm

@guppyguy wrote:What a great story and write up. Full of up's and downs. I enjoyed reading this and look forward to future updates and pics.

Thanks guppyguy. I always appreciate your encouragement and support.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by caoder on Sat Jun 27, 2015 7:15 pm

Also I thought Gary had some...... But glad to see the breeding. These little fish have very hardy fry.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by Biulu on Sat Jun 27, 2015 8:53 pm

Can this one be nominated still for the June article/thread award?
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by CAAIndie on Sun Jun 28, 2015 1:04 pm

Nice thank you Alex! Lovely little fish. I hope you have lots of success with it.

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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by GaryE on Mon Jun 29, 2015 4:24 pm



You can see the female carrying her fertilized eggs. I bred a bunch of them but don't have them anymore - the young pairs went into the club auction a ways back. It's a great little fish.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by CAAIndie on Mon Jun 29, 2015 4:44 pm

What caught my eye was that pretty little checkerboard!

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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by GaryE on Mon Jun 29, 2015 8:51 pm

Old picture...
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by Diogenoir on Wed Jul 08, 2015 7:40 pm

let me know if you get these going had them at one time and would love them again
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by alexmtl on Thu Jul 09, 2015 6:47 pm

Well I have at least twenty or so fry swimming around. Not sure they will be ready until next spring though.
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Re: Article of the Month JUNE 2015 : Daisy's Ricefish (Oryzias woworae)

Post by Diogenoir on Fri Jul 10, 2015 7:13 pm

No problem put me down on the spring list i am sure you will have other things. I want at the time also.
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